Once your workstation is appropriately adjusted for you, it’s essential to use safe working habits and methods to prevent injuries developing. Follow these guidelines for healthy work practices.
Chair and posture
Sit with your bottom back to the seat as opposed to sitting on the front border. Periodically assess your posture to be sure you’re not sitting with your chin poked out.
Sit near the desk when working on the computer so that your arms are by your side with your elbows close to your waist.
Keep your desk clear of clutter to prevent awkward working positions.
Poor typing skills may result in neck and arm pain.
Use a free-floating posture for keying – don’t fix wrists to the desk.
Maintain the keyboard level for straighter wrists.
If you’re reading your display rather than keying, rest your hands in your lap or by your side as opposed to keeping them on the computer keyboard.
Your hands should be relaxed on the mouse at a neutral position. Don’t grip the mouse.
Do not leave your hand on the mouse if you’re not using it.
Use keyboard shortcuts to decrease the amount of ‘mousing’ you do.
Learn how to use the mouse with both hands and occasionally change sides.
Have a break for a couple of minutes every 30 minutes of computer time.
Your eyes need a visual break every 20 to 30 minutes, where your attention is diverted from the display to a distance of at least 3m away.